One of the most sensitive parts of a human body is the eye. This is because it can easily get affected by many factors ranging from excess light to dust. It is however very difficult for any human being to stay away from most of the things that cause eye problems. It is, therefore, important for everyone to take measures that will always ensure the safety of their eyes.
Most of the eye diseases are painless and do not have early symptoms. It is also difficult for anybody to notice any change in their vision until the disease or eye problem has reached advanced stages. The best way to ensure that you protect your eyes is by seeing an eye specialist regularly and undergoing a regular eye exam. Below are some of the most common eye problems and their solutions.
This is one of the most common eye problems which is also known as amblyopia. This occurs when an individual develops lack of vision in one of the eyes which are mostly caused by lack of coordination between the eye and the brain. It is commonly associated with crossed eyes or strabismus which results in the eyes appearing to be looking at two different points and not one.
Its symptoms include; poor vision in one of the eyes, savoring of one eye significantly as well as poor depth perception. Lazy eye can be treated only if early diagnosis is made. Some of the treatment methods include; use of eyeglasses and contact lenses, covering or patching the strong eye as well as surgery when the situation is dire.
This is another prevalent eye problem, which damages the optic nerve. This happens when fluid builds up and creates pressure on the eye thus affecting the nerve. The nerve links information transmission between the brain and the eyes. In the United States, this condition has affected over three million people and is the leading cause of blindness. Glaucoma can be managed by use of eye drops which slows down the production of fluids in the eye thus reducing pressure. In advanced cases, surgery can be used to treat this disorder.
Detachment of the retina
This eye problem occurs when the retina separates from the blood supply and nerves tissues underneath. It is painless but greatly affects the vision of the patient. It can be caused by eye injury, advanced diabetic conditions or even nearsightedness. It is worth noting that this condition is treatable, but if it is not diagnosed immediately, it can lead to vision loss or even blindness. Surgery is one of the best ways of treating retinal detachment.
This condition occurs when one can see colors but cannot be able to differentiate the colors.This condition is mostly genetic and comes about due to the way light-sensitive cells also known as cones respond to various colors. These cells are found in the retina. There is no specific treatment for this condition, but eyeglasses and contact lenses can be used to alleviate the problem.
This is another very common eye problem also known as proptosis. It occurs when either one or the two eyes protrude from their eye sockets. This is caused by swelling of muscles, tissues and fat behind the eyes, which leads to exposure of the cornea to air eventually causing drying of the eyes. Bulging of the eyes is usually a symptom of another medical problem. Therefore it is important for the patient to get checked to treat the underlying condition. The temporary solution includes using eye drops and artificial tears to help lubricate the eyes.
These are just but some of the most common eye problems and their immediate solutions. As earlier stated, eyes are a very sensitive part of the human body and any problems should be treated immediately. Having regular eye checks can help one avoid major diseases that can lead to blindness.